Institute of Atomic-Scale Engineering

Featuring some of the inventions of  Forrest Bishop

Questions and comments on this material are welcome. (Year of conception in parentheses)


 Digital Animations

 A Note on Plagiarism

Projecting matter beams through space. Capturing and decelerating in a reverse-particle accelerator. Scanning, disassembly and re-assembly of humans and other objects (now called molecular nanotechnology).  7th Grade science paper. (1967)

 InterPlanetary Mass Driver (IPMD)
Independently invented pellet-stream propulsion. Invented beam-propulsion space transportation network. Hyperbolic beam from high-orbiting Mass Driver intercepts low circular-orbit beam-rider spacecraft. (1981)

Space Cables
Independently invented Orbital Loops. Loop in low Moon orbit launches and lands payloads. (1981)

 "South Pole Accelerator"
A vertical Mass Driver at the South Pole launches swarms of payloads to the Earth’s sphere-of influence, supplies IPMD. (1981)

"The Construction and Utilization of Space-Filling Polyhedra for Active Mesostructures"
A multipurpose swarm of connected polyhedra changes shape. Also called Shapeshifter and Active Cell Aggregate (ACA). Posted Dec. 7, 1995 (1992). Download the entire article in PDF format by clicking here .

"Introduction To Shape Shifter"

"A Proposed MNT Active Cell"
A design example of a molecular nanotechnology Active Cell. It is used again, with some modifications, in the "Overtool" and "Starseed/Launcher" studies. (1992-1995). Download the entire article in PDF format by clicking here.

 "The Overtool: A Proposed Universal Assembler"

A proposed Universal Assembler- a self-replicating machine, which is also capable of manufacturing other products. An ACA with atom manipulators assembles its own components and other structures. (1996) 

"A Description of a Universal Assembler"
Published in Proceedings of the IEEE Joint International Symposia on Intelligence and Systems, ISBN 0-8186-7728-7 Posted Aug 19, 1997. Download the entire article in PDF format by clicking here.

 "Starseed/Launcher (A Linear Accelerator for Interstellar Nanoprobes)"
An entirely new method of space exploration and development. Both the accelerator, and the space probes themselves, are novel. (1996)

"The Starseed/Launcher"
Appeared in the May, 1996 "prepress" issue of NanoTechnology magazine.
A less technical account of the concept.

 "The Shape of Things to Come"
Appeared in the April, 1996 "prepress" issue of NanoTechnology Magazine.
A synopsis of several of the articles above.

 "Open Air Space Habitats"
A one-gravity, one-atmosphere miniature Ringworld made of carbon nanotubes. Posted Aug 19, 1997 (1997)

 "Empirical, Evolutionary Chemistry"
Mechano-synthetic genetic-algorithm pathway for novel structures. Interview in NanoTechnology Magazine, Dec 2, 1996. Posted Aug 19, 1997

 "The Optical Assembler"
December 10, 1996 interview with Forrest Bishop on a novel method of atomic assembly using light forces. Lasers position and react individual atoms without using mechanical arms. Posted Mar 16, 1998. (1996)

 Cell Rover
A micron-size medical machine made partly of biological structures. (1998)

 Rotary Assembler A simple molecular assembly technique. (1998)

 "The Interworld Rapid Transit System (A Transportation Network for the Solar System)"
(IRTS)- A variety of energy and matter beam generators in different places exchange with each other and with beam riders. This is the first proposal of its kind. Abstract posted Aug 19, 1997, draft article from 1997 (1967, 1981, 1997)

"Mesoparticle Beam Propulsion"
Intermediate size matter beam between particle beam and pellet stream. (Abstract Only) Posted Aug 19, 1997 (1997)

"Some Novel Space Propulsion Systems"
Microscale Light Sails (Light-sail swarms without payloads form a mesoparticle matter beam. “Light” can be solar or laser, 1997), Graphene Crossbow, and Mesoparticle Beam Propulsion
Presented at the Fifth Foresight Conference on Molecular Nanotechnology, Nov 6-9 1997, Palo Alto, CA.
Posted Mar 16, 1998

 "Some novel space propulsion systems"
Micro-scale Light Sails, Mesoparticle Beam Propulsion, and Ultracold Matter Beam Generators (a new type of particle beam, 1999), Aircraft Engineering and Aerospace Technology: An International Journal, 75, 3, pp. 247, 2003,

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